How do I identify sewing machine needles?
When looking at needles, you will see two numbers referenced on the needle. This is the sewing machine needle size, and most sewing machine needles indicate the needle size in both European and American sizing.
What number needle is used in the machine?
Quick Reference Chart
|Sewing Machine Needle Type||Needle Size||Fabric Type|
|Universal needles||100 (16)||Heavy fabric, upholstery, bag making|
|110 (18)||Extra heavy fabric, upholstery|
|Sharps needles||70 (10)||Voile, microfibre|
|80 (12)||Shirtings, microfibre, patchwork|
Do all sewing machine needles have a flat side?
The main parts of the needle are the shank, groove, eye and point. Shank: The shank is the top part of the needle that fits up into the needle clamp of the sewing machine. The front side of the shank is rounded, and the back side is flat. The flat side of the needle always goes toward the back of the machine.
How do you measure a sewing needle?
The needle size is determined by the shaft diameter. The groove is the indentation located on the front of the needle. The thread is protected in the channel as the needle passes through the fabric. The scarf is the indentation on the back of the needle above the eye.
Are ballpoint and Jersey needles the same?
Ballpoint needles have an even more rounded tip designed to avoid breaking fibers in knits and fabrics with spandex. Jersey needles are even more rounded than stretch needles, and are more indicated for knits than for stretch wovens.
How do I find the needle on my Singer sewing machine?
The European metric sizing system for sewing machine needles is numbered from 60 to 110. The American sizing system is numbered from 8 to 18. For both sizing systems, the lower the number the finer the needle and the higher the number the larger the needle. Most needle companies show both sizes on the package.
What are the common sizes of needle used for sewing?
The most widely used needles are the 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 sizes, in other words, half a millimeter to a millimeter thick. The difficulty arises when sewing machine manufacturers use designations outside of the NM standard. For example, Singer products are widely used, but they choose their own designations.