How glass beads increase surface area?
Surface area could be increased by using microscopic particles floating in the vapour, but they would move around very easily and be difficult to control; the contact angle for nucleation would also be much greater; and there would be a much wider distribution of temperatures at the nucleation sites.
Why are glass beads added to the heating vessel?
One purpose of the glass beads is to disrupt the flow of vapour by convection to improve mixing and attainment of thermal equilibrium at each level of the fractionating column. This creates a steeper, smoother temperature gradient.
Why are glass beads used in tube 3?
The purpose of the beads is to ensure that each respirometer is uniform in volume. The vial with glass beads alone will permit detection of any changes in volume due to atmospheric pressure changes or temperature changes.
What is the purpose of cold water in fractional distillation?
If water enters from the bottom of the condenser, it will always be completely filled with cold water which ensures efficient cooling. During distillation, vapors are formed in the heated distillation flask.
What happens fractional distillation?
Fractional distillation separates a mixture into a number of different parts, called fractions. A tall fractionating column is fitted above the mixture, with several condensers coming off at different heights. … The crude oil is evaporated and its vapours condense at different temperatures in the fractionating column.
What is the simple distillation?
Definition: A method of separating mixtures based on differences in their volatilities in a boiling liquid mixture. The components in a sample mixture are vaporised by the application of heat and then immediately cooled by the action of cold water in a condenser.
What is a liquid that leaves the condenser called?
As the refrigerant leaves the condenser, it is cooler, but still under pressure provided by the compressor. It then reaches the expansion valve. The expansion valve allows the high-pressure refrigerant to “flash” through becoming a lower pressure, cooled liquid.