What medium inspired the Alexander mosaic?

Why is the Alexander Mosaic significant?

The mosaic depicts Alexander the Great’s defeat of the Persian king Darius; the detail here illustrates Alexander himself. … The mosaic highlights the wealth and power of the occupier of the house, since such grand and elaborate mosaics are extremely rare, both in Pompeii and in the wider Roman world.

Who commissioned the Alexander mosaic?

The mosaic is held to be a copy of either a painting by Aristides of Thebes, or of a lost late 4th century BC fresco by the painter Philoxenos of Eretria. The latter is mentioned by Pliny the Elder (XXXV, 110) as a commission for the Macedonian king Cassander.

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